Diving into the depths of software development can be an exhilarating experience, but it can also be peppered with obstacles. One such hurdle is the ‘Make: *** No Targets Specified And No MakeFile Found. Stop.’ error.
This comprehensive guide aims to shed light on the causes and solutions for this common hiccup. When dealing with project builds in Linux or Unix environments, ‘make’ is a handy tool that automatically builds executable programs and libraries from source code.
However, you may encounter the ‘Make: *** No Targets Specified And No MakeFile Found. Stop.’ error, which can halt your progress. Understanding what causes this error and knowing how to fix it will keep your project builds running smoothly.
Causes OF ‘Make: *** No Targets Specified And No MakeFile Found. Stop.’ Error
The ‘Make: *** No Targets Specified And No MakeFile Found. Stop.’ error occurs due to one of the following reasons:
Nonexistent Makefile: ‘make’ operates based on a Makefile present in the directory. If this file does not exist, ‘make’ won’t know how to build your project, leading to the error.
Incorrect Directory: If you run the ‘make’ command in a directory where no Makefile exists, the error will occur.
Erroneous Makefile Name: ‘make’ looks for a file named ‘Makefile’ (with a capital ‘M’). If the file exists but with a different name, it can result in the error.
Solutions to Fix ‘Make: *** No Targets Specified And No MakeFile Found. Stop.’ Error
Let’s explore step-by-step solutions to address this error:
Solution 1: Create a Makefile
If there is no Makefile in your directory, create one following these steps:
Step 1: Open a text editor and create a new file.
Step 2: Write the necessary rules that specify how to derive the target program from the source files.
Step 3: Save the file as ‘Makefile’ in the same directory as your source files.
Solution 2: Navigate to the Correct Directory
Ensure you’re in the correct directory where the Makefile exists:
Step 1: Use the ‘cd’ command to navigate to your project directory, e.g.,
Step 2: Run
ls to list the files in the directory and ensure ‘Makefile’ is present.
Step 3: Run
Solution 3: Correct the Makefile Name
Ensure your Makefile has the correct name:
Step 1: Use
ls to list the files in your directory.
Step 2: If the makefile exists but with a different name, rename it to ‘Makefile’ using the command
mv oldname Makefile.
The ‘Make: *** No Targets Specified And No MakeFile Found. Stop.’ error can be a minor setback in your software development journey. However, with this guide’s clear explanations and straightforward solutions, you can swiftly navigate past this error.
Ensuring that you have a correctly named Makefile in the appropriate directory is crucial for the smooth execution of ‘make’
Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some of the common frequently asked questions:
1. What is a Makefile?
A Makefile is a file containing a set of directives used by a make build automation tool to generate a target/goal. It defines a set of tasks to be executed to properly build and manage a project.
2. What does the ‘make’ command do?
The ‘make’ command in Linux is a build automation tool that automatically builds executable applications and libraries from source code by reading files called Makefiles.
3. How do I create a Makefile?
A Makefile can be created using any text editor. The file should contain rules and dependencies required for your project and must be saved as ‘Makefile’ in your project directory.
4. Can I use ‘make’ command without a Makefile?
No, the ‘make’ command requires a Makefile to identify the project structure and dependencies. Running ‘make’ without a Makefile will result in the ‘no targets specified and no makefile found’ error.
5. What should I do if I continue to experience the ‘Make: *** No Targets Specified And No MakeFile Found. Stop.’ error?
If you’ve followed the solutions provided and the error persists, it might indicate a more complex issue. It could be beneficial to seek help from experienced developers in online communities or forums, providing them with all the necessary details of your issue.